Sam Bankman-Fried, 29, heads crypto exchange worth billions

FROM HONG KONG TO THE BAHAMAS

Son of Stanford Law School professors and a graduate of the elite Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Bankman-Fried worked as a broker on Wall Street before turning to cryptocurrencies in 2017.

He observed large variations in price between the online platforms where people can buy and sell crypto money and took advantage of the gaps by buying and selling digital assets at very high frequency.

The difference in prices in 2018 was 5 per cent to 25 per cent between American and Japanese exchanges, he said, which meant that simply by moving assets from one platform to another he could make money.

“There was enormous demand for crypto coming out of Japan, and not nearly as many liquidity providers,” he added.

The young entrepreneur created a cryptocurrency investment fund, Alameda Research, moved to Hong Kong and then launched FTX with Gary Wang, who is now the platform’s chief technology officer.

Bankman-Fried now lives in the Bahamas, where taxes are almost nil, and the platform has its headquarters in the Caribbean nation too.

He defends his choice of location by the fact that it is “one of the few countries that has a comprehensive licensing regime for cryptocurrencies and cryptocurrency exchanges”.

In media appearances and on Twitter, where he goes by SBF, Bankman-Fried has been a vocal advocate for smoother access to the crypto market for the general public, particularly in the United States.

“It would be healthy for everyone involved if there was a regulatory to getting licensed and bringing federal oversight pathway,” he said.

A subsidiary for American clients, FTX US, opened in 2020.

The success of FTX has enabled the platform to forge prestigious partnerships, including with the newly retired American football legend Tom Brady and his wife, the Brazilian ex-model Gisele Bundchen.

The company will also run an ad during the American football Super Bowl final on Sunday, promising to give away a number of bitcoins that will be determined by what time the commercial tunes.

“EFFECTIVE ALTRUISM”

Bankman-Fried, who said he maintains a spartan lifestyle, identifies with the beliefs of “effective altruism”, a movement which aims to use careful analysis to figure out how to use one’s resources to help others the most.

“It’s not just like, how do you do some good with your life, but if you want to do as much good as possible what do you focus on,” said Bankman-Fried, who has pledged to give away almost all of the wealth he will have made.

He estimates that he has already donated between US$50 million and US$100 million to causes such as the fight for animal welfare, combating neglected tropical diseases and reducing global warming.

Cryptocurrencies have faced withering criticism over the argument they contribute to Earth’s catastrophic warming because their extraction process requires so much electricity, which can come from fossil fuels.

Bankman-Fried said he believes the process of creating the cryptocurrency as well as the transactions will increasingly be done using renewable energy.

Aware of the staggering sums of money he’s raising, Bankman-Fried, who was among the largest donors to US President Joe Biden’s 2020 campaign, has no problem with the amounts being made public.

“If you’re trying to have a lot of positive impact in the world, it’s probably going to be things that people end up seeing,” he added.

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