Russia opens criminal case against Meta following policy change on hate speech against Russian military in Ukraine

The case follows a temporary change to Meta’s hate speech policy that allows some Facebook and Instagram users to express violent sentiments against Russian armed forced invading Ukraine. Reuters first reported the policy change Thursday.

“A criminal case has been initiated in the Main Investigation Department of the Russian Investigative Committee in connection with illegal calls for murder and violence against citizens of the Russian Federation by employees of the American company Meta, which owns the social networks Facebook and Instagram,” the Investigative Committee’s statement said, citing the policy change.

“These actions contain signs of crimes under Articles 280 and 205.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – public calls for extremist activities; assistance to terrorist activities,” the statement reads.

Meta (FB) did not immediately respond to a request for comment from CNN Business regarding Russia’s criminal investigation. However, in a statement Thursday, the company noted that the policy change does not allow calls for violence against Russians outside of the context of the Ukraine invasion.

Reuters reported Thursday getting access to internal Meta emails which alleviates the company will allow Facebook and Instagram users in some countries to call for violence against the Russian military invading Ukraine. Meta later clarified that it would only apply the policy change for users in Ukraine.

“In light of the ongoing invasion of Ukraine, we made a temporary exception for those affected by war, to express violent sentiments toward invading armed forces such as ‘death to the Russian invaders.’ These are temporary measures designed to preserve voice and expression for people who are facing invasion,” Meta said in a statement to CNN Thursday. “As always, we are prohibiting calls for violence against Russians outside of the narrow context of the current invasion.”

Roskonadzor, Russia’s information watchdog, said Friday it will restrict access to Instagram, saying the “social network distributes informational materials containing calls to commit violent acts against citizens of the Russian Federation, including military personnel.”

On Friday afternoon, Clegg released a statement saying the policy change is “focused on protecting people’s rights to speech as an expression of self-defense in reaction to a military invasion of their country.”

“We have no quarrel with the Russian people,” Clegg said in the statement. “There is no change at all in our policies on hate speech as far as the Russian people are concerned. We will not tolerate Russophobia or any kind of discrimination, harassment or violence towards Russians on our platform.”

Roskonadzor plans to block access to Instagram starting on Monday to allow time for users to transfer their photos and videos to other platforms, the agency said in an update later Friday. Instagram Head Adam Mosseri said the move will affect 80 million users in Russia, around 80% of whom follow at least one Instagram account from outside of the country.

“The situation is terrifying and we’re trying to do all that we can to keep people safe,” Mosseri said in a video posted to Instagram.

The new restrictions come amid a broader crackdown on tech companies in Russia.

Last week, Moscow said it would ban Facebook in the country in response to what it said were restrictions of access to Russian media on the platform. Meta President of Global Affairs Nick Clegg said the decision came after it refused to stop fact-checking and labeling content from Russian state-controlled media. In response to the Facebook ban, Clegg said the company was doing “everything we can to restore our services” but that “millions of ordinary Russians” will soon “find themselves cut off from reliable information.”
Moscow has also restricted access to Twitter (TWTR) in the country.


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